DreiszigerThomas R. IV, No. Halasz de Beky University ofTorontoRev. Charles H. Uren Carleton UniversityFerenc A.
Vali University ofMassachusettsS.
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Since its launchinginthe Review has been committed to the policy ofproviding a non-partizan forum forthescholarly discussionand analysis of issues in Arcadia energy suisse anti aging history, politics andcultural affairs. The Review is published by the Hungarian Readers'Service, a non-profit organization incorporated by federalstatute in Canada. Please direct inquiries to Dr. Harcsar for address seebelow. Sustaining memberships in the Hungarian Readers'ServiceInc.
Donations in support of the HRS areincome tax deductible in Lyukacsos szemüveg használata. Statements or opinions expressed in the Review arethose of the individual authors and do not necessarilyreflect the views of the HRS Inc. Ferenc HarcsarExecutive ManagerP. All rights reserved.
BaloghYaleUniversityLouis A. His articles on Canadian and Hungariantopics have appeared in three collections of papers and nine scholarlyperiodicals including the Journal of Modern History and the CanadianHistorical Association's Historical Papers. During the past few yearsDr.
We arcadia energy suisse anti aging have planned the publishing of a book ofessays, a kind of belated Festschrift, as an expression of our lastrespects and sorrow. But such an ambitious undertaking wouldhave involved years of preparations and could have strained ourmeagre financial resources. As an alternative we chose to dedicateone of the Review's issues to Watson Kirkconnell's memory,and fill it mainly arcadia energy suisse anti aging essays and reviews fitting for the occasion.
Accordingly, in the first part of this issue we feature studies onsubjects that had been dear to Kirkconnell in his lifetime: Hungarianpoetry and verse translation. The exception is the firstarticle which examines the historical significance of Kirkconnell'sliterary and other-than-literary activities as far as Canadians ofHungarian background are concerned.
In Part II of this issue we are proud to offer a taste ofKirkconnell's verse translation from Hungarian. Our sample istaken from his rendering of Janos Arany's epic poem, Toldi, intoEnglish. The arcadia energy suisse anti aging celebrates the exploits of Miklos [Nicholas]Toldi, a Hungarian lad of legendary strength, during the middleages. A complete version of Kirkconnell's translation of Toldiwill be published separately by the Hungarian Readers' Serviceas soon as circumstances permit.
The third part of this special issue contains book reviews in thevarious fields of Hungarian studies. Although most of them donot relate to the realm of poetry or literature, it was thought bestto print them in this volume rather than in the spring issue of Many people have worked hard to make the appearance of thisspecial issue possible.
Basa, Joseph St. Clair andStephen Scheer, as well as Mr. Maxim Tabory have each helpedwith the adjudication of one or two of the manuscripts.
ProfessorThomas Spira spared much of his valuable time to do most of thecopy editing.
Hope Kirkconnell has sent us pictures of herlate husband. Janet Kirkconnell supplied us with the manuscriptof her late father's rendition ofToldi.
Harcsar has performedmany of the innumerable chores involved in getting thisvolume on our subscribers' desks. To each of them we extend ourthanks.
We also wish to acknowledge the offer of financial supportwhich has been received from the Hungarian Helicon Society ofToronto, and the "matching grant" which has been provided byOntario's Department of Culture and Recreation. DreiszigerFriends of SmallNationsOne of history's lessons is that, without outside help, small nationsand weak minorities often become the victims of international ornational political conflicts as the Second World War amply illustrates.
Contrary to common belief, the victimization of defenceless groups hasnot been confined to totalitarian states; often democratic societies arealso guilty.
Even the history of Canada, one of the world's most peacefulcountries, contains examples of unprovoked acts against minorities. In the history of mankind the sufferings of small nations and minoritygroups have been prevented or diminished through help coming fromone or more of the great powers.
Main content Abstract : Budaors Airport is a work of modern architecture built in in a country that was fundamentally conservative in its political outlook, and was the first public airport in Hungary that met European standards. It was designed by the architects Virgil Bierbauer and Laszlo Kralik. The airport architecture made use of the lessons learned, both positive and negative, from countless airports in other countries. In this regard it successfully overcame the technical and other problems faced by designers in European countries, which had made it necessary to redesign the airports in these countries in the midthirties.
At other times, influential individualshave come to their aid. True, most of arcadia energy suisse anti aging time help was contingent oneconomic or political concessions.
Szállások itt: Egyesült Államok
Occasionally, however, aid had nostrings attached. That influential statesmen, publicists and academicshave been able to do a great deal for small nations and minorities, hasbeen demonstrated many times in history. Two British publicists, R. Seton-Watson and H. Steed, for example, effectively promoted thecause of Czech independence during the closing years of the First WorldWar.
Hungary too, has had such influential sympathizers abroad. Oneof these was the English newspaper magnate, Lord Rothermere.
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Anotherwas Professor C. Macartney, the Oxford historian and theauthor of several books on Hungarian history. It is less commonlyknown arcadia energy suisse anti aging the world, and not even arcadia energy suisse anti aging Canada, that Hungarians, especiallyHungarian-Canadians, also had a Canadian friend: WatsonKirkconnell, teacher, scholar, poet and publicist who until his reccntdeath lived in retirement in the quiet university town of Wolfville, NovaScotia.
Kirkconnell's work in the field of verse translation from the Hun- garian is generally known by the educated public in Canada and abroad. What is much less known is the fact that his activities in connection withthings Hungarian transcended the realm of poetry and literature andhad political as well as social significance.
His non-literary contributionto the Magyar cause has not been the highly visible variety. WhereasSeton-Watson's and Steed's pro-Czech efforts helped in the creation ofCzechoslovakia, no such cataclysmic events resulted from Kirkconnell'swork on behalf of Hungarians.
But this should not arcadia energy suisse anti aging from thesignificance of his work. Since his accomplishments cannot be appreciatedwithout an understanding of the general Canadian context and thedevelopment of the Hungarian community in Canada, it is to thesethemes we must turn.
A YoungNationThe Canada of Kirkconnell's early years was a young, developingnation, characterized above all by a growing spirit of nationalism. Although Canada was bi-national, French and English having coexistedhere for many generations, Canadian nationalism was not onethat transcended ethnic and cultural differences.
In fact, it may be saidthat two distinct nationalisms existed in Canada at the time, one amongEnglish-speaking Canadians, and a different one among French-speakingCanadians. This left no room for Canadians whose background wasneither English nor French. Grant of Queen's University, remarked at the time that"in order to be Canadian an inhabitant of the country had to be'British';" 1 while the chief spokesman for French Canada at the time,Henri Bourassa, complained that it was never the intention of thefounders of Canadian Confederation to turn this "partly French andpartly English country" into a land of refuge for the "scum of allnations.
But the immigrants kept coming.
Over-population, economic problems,and social pressures forced them to leave their native lands andseek new opportunities in what was the last great frontier of agriculturalsettlement in the New World: the Canadian prairies.
Foresighted statesmenin Ottawa, such as Clifford Sifton, Minister of the Interior from towelcomed east and central European agriculturalists as the best possible settlers who would in time create prosperous systane hydration szemcsepp lubrikáló 10ml outof the prairie wilderness. The appearance in the Canadian West of large groups of strangelydressed people with stranger names, speaking unintelligible languagesand following alien traditions, alarmed many English Canadians, justas their influx alarmed Bourassa.
Was Western Canada destined to bedominated by people incapable of adjusting to Canadian traditions anddeveloping loyalty to Canadian institutions and government?